Jillian C. York

Jillian C. York is a writer and activist.

Page 3 of 178

On Alaa, learning, and the struggle

This is me booking a plane ticket for Alaa and looking exasperated because he doesn't know his passport number.

This is me booking a plane ticket for Alaa and looking exasperated because he doesn’t know his passport number.

I don’t really remember meeting Alaa.  I just remember that, from the first moment I saw him, how obvious his presence was.  We were sitting in a room in Budapest talking to a group of academics about something or other, something about activism, and everything they said was wrong, in Alaa’s view.  He raised his voice across the table, and I was struck by his boldness.

Sometime a couple of years later, in 2010, we became friends.  I know this from the abundance of encrypted chat logs that sit in my email, when we started to talk once or twice a week.  This was before the revolution, when he and Manal were living in South Africa. From the snippets I can piece together from memory and those rare unencrypted logs, I recall him admonishing me for not doing enough on X, chiding me gently for not speaking up on Y.  One of those blanks was crypto itself.  After one of those small but typical annoyances that come from using OTR, he said “OTR is a bit too demanding, but encryption tools typically are.”  I replied, “I need to start getting better about using them.”  ”Yep,” was his response, and he was right.  He would prove that.

When the revolution started, he was still in South Africa and could still reach his family in Cairo, despite the Internet blackout.  I was in freezing Boston, and by virtue of my job at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society, I began receiving press calls – the New York Times, NPR, Al Jazeera.  I knew how Egyptians had used Facebook and Twitter to organize before, but I couldn’t reach anyone on the ground.  Alaa gave me names, including his sister Mona’s, which I in turn gave to press, connecting them with the rare person who still had a means of connecting out.  He filled me in, I repeated his analysis to press.  He didn’t want to be the center of attention then.  He wasn’t there.

Alaa and Manal with Ahmed Omran and Yazan Badran in Tunis, October 2011.

And then they went back to Cairo, he and Manal.  And a year of requests started pouring in: to speak, to comment on this or that.  ”I’m going to the Empire,” I remember him telling me about his first visit to New York. And then shortly thereafter, his second, where we met amongst friends at PDF and drank a little too much and plotted.  Later that year we saw each other again in Tunis for the second Arabloggers meeting; Manal was quite pregnant and looked beautiful, and at one point I’m pretty sure they both did a session still wearing their swimsuits.  It was a happy, optimistic time.  And at some point, sitting on a couch in the lobby, I convinced Alaa to come to San Francisco for RightsCon.  He would stay on my couch, and they could send anything they wanted to my house.

For nearly a week before he arrived, I would come home each day to find another enormous package from Amazon.  There was a stroller (“all-terrain 4WD” as we later joked), countless books, and a few pretty cool toys that we definitely played with before Khaled did.  The story of what happens next is known: When Alaa arrived, he already knew what would happen when he went home.  He gave an incredible talk, went to the Occupy protests in Oakland, and hung out with my friends.  Then he got on a plane and went straight to prison.  Do not collect, do not pass go.

Alaa holds baby Khaled (January 2012)

I visited Cairo for the first time not long after Khaled was born.  He was tiny, fragile, and I stood helpless while Manal bathed him, already so obviously a mother.  This was the height of autotune in Cairo and at some point after midnight, parents delirious from the beautiful lack of sleep that comes with having a newborn, we recorded Khaled’s cries and ran them through autotune, stifling manic laughter so as not to wake the baby.

The last time I saw Alaa was in Cairo.  He picked me up across town at my hotel, and we sat in crazy Cairene traffic for three hours, the first time I’d ever seen him drive.  I had brought a tricycle for Khaled and a fresh EFF shirt for Alaa at his request, and when we arrived Manal and I caught up while Alaa put the thing together, scrambling for its plastic parts.  Later, the three of us went out with some of their friends.  I listened quietly while they talked politics and revolution.  Manal kept chiding them to speak English, Alaa remarked that by now I should be able to understand.  I did, only a few words getting lost here and there.  We drank tea until it got cold and they drove me back to Heliopolis.

These friendships come in fragments, but they are sometimes the best we have.  And in this case, despite the fact the he is only (and exactly) six months my senior, the friend has also been one of my most important teachers, reminding me to take risks and not being afraid to tell me when I’m not going far enough, not doing enough.  Chatting recently with another friend, who suggested that perhaps surrounding myself with perfectionists and radicals has damaged my own thought processes a little, I relented, but when I think about all that I have learned and all that I have been taught, I have no regrets.

I’ve said it to reporters so many times that it’s almost lost its meaning, but I’ll say it again: Alaa is in prison not because he committed a crime, not because he said too much, but because his very existence poses a threat to the state.  Those who are bold, those who do not relent, will always threaten the terrified and ultimately weak state which must, to survive, squash its opponents like flies.  But Alaa will not allow himself to be crushed like that, I know.

There is little more I can say that hasn’t been or wouldn’t be better said by Egyptians, those who fought these battles on the street while I merely watched, an observer with a few good friends on the ground.  But the one thing I know is that we must not give up.  Alaa hasn’t, and we cannot.

Inspired by Omar Robert Hamilton and Alia Mossallam, Belal Fadl, and Lina Attalah who have written their own beautiful pieces about our shared friend.




5 ways you can support free speech today

While I’m tweeting, Facebooking, and otherwise making an ass of myself all over the Internet, lots of folks aren’t able to do so, their speech limited by their governments either through network censorship or worse.  Here are five great causes you can donate to to support free speech this holiday season:

  • The Media Legal Defence Initiative is raising funds for their defense of Eskinder Nega and Reeyot Alemu, two Ethiopian journalists facing down long prison sentences for engaging in the act of journalism.  Both were imprisoned on trumped-up terrorism charges; Alemu faces five years, and Nega twenty.  They’ve already raised more than $12,000 of their $20,000 goal: Can you help them make it the rest of the way?  Donate here.
  • Comedy site FunnyOrDie might seem like an odd place to go to support free speech, but in fact some of the comic giants behind the site have taken on an important cause: Defending Shezanne Cassim, a US citizen unjustly imprisoned under the United Arab Emirates’ Cybercrime Law for posting a satirical video to YouTube.  Want to help #FreeShez?  Click here.
  • When PayPal cut WikiLeaks off from using their services to receive donations, the Freedom of the Press Foundation was conceived.  Since then, the organization has taken on a number of key projects, including SecureDrop, a secure whistleblowing platform.  The causes on their front page are constantly rotating; right now, donations to FPF support a bundle of wonderful encryption tools, including Tor, the LEAP Access Encryption Project, and TextSecure/RedPhone. Donate here.
  • PEN is an internationally known organization that defends the free speech writers, but this year they’ve delved into surveillance, creating a report that shows just how deep the impact of spying can be on free expression.  Donations to PEN support a range of literary and free speech programs.  Donate now.
  • This year, my job got a lot easier, thanks to Edward Snowden.  Now all I need to say when people ask about EFF is “we’re the folks suing the NSA!”  If you follow me, you probably already know what I do, but if not, check out our website, and if you like what you see, donate here.

The 12 Days of Christmas: NSA Edition

Whilst wandering around a Berlin Christmas market with surveillance-concerned friends from ten different countries last night, we came up with a lovely holiday song for you all (with a little help from Twitter friends*).  From the bottom:

On the twelfth day of Christmas, the NSA gave to me:

Twelve days of torture,

Eleven days in prison,

Ten FISA orders,

Nine Clapper head rubs,

Eight legs a-reaching,

Seven pens a-trapping,

Six drones a-spying,

Five Eyes spying,

Four viruses,

Three Fins a-Fishing,

Two hacked phones,

And a rootkit malware on my laptop.


*Thanks to: @astepanovich, @joncamfield, @jessecfriedman, @quinnnorton, @ChrChristensen, @octal, @sleepylemur, and @xeenarh for your contributions!

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